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What Is The Meaning Of "Gallina" In Spanish

If you are delving into the world of Spanish language and culture, you might have encountered the term "gallina" at some point. But what does it actually mean? In this article, we will explore the various facets of this intriguing Spanish word, its usage, and regional nuances. So, let us dive in and uncover the meaning of "gallina" in Spanish!

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What is the Meaning of "Gallina" in Spanish?

In Spanish, gallina (IPA: /ɡaˈʎina/) translates to "hen" in English. It is a feminine noun, and its plural form is "gallinas." This term refers to a female chicken, and it plays a significant role in both the culinary and cultural aspects of Spanish-speaking regions.

Usage of "Gallina" in Spanish

  • Literal Meaning: The primary meaning of "gallina" in Spanish is a female chicken. It is a domesticated bird kept for its eggs and meat. In regions across Spain and Latin America, "gallinas" are an integral part of many households, providing a steady supply of fresh eggs.
  • Idiomatic Expressions: Beyond its literal meaning, "gallina" is also used idiomatically. One of the most common expressions is "ponerse como una gallina clueca," which translates to "to get all puffed up" or "to get very angry or agitated."
  • Cultural Significance: In Spanish-speaking cultures, "gallina" can symbolize motherly instincts or protective behavior. This association is drawn from the nurturing nature of hens, which diligently care for their chicks.
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Regional Variations

The meaning and usage of "gallina" can slightly differ across various Spanish-speaking regions. Here are some notable variations:

  • In Spain, particularly in the southern regions, "gallina" is a culinary staple. Dishes like "gazpacho de gallina" ("chicken gazpacho") and "pollo a la gallina" ("chicken stew") showcase the significance of this term in Spanish cuisine.
  • Mexican cuisine embraces "gallina" in dishes like "caldo de gallina" ("chicken soup"), a hearty broth made from simmering hen with aromatic herbs and vegetables.
  • In Argentina, "gallina" can also be used informally to refer to someone who is overly cautious or fearful, akin to the English idiom "chicken."

Sample Sentences of "Gallina" in Spanish with English Translations

To help you grasp the usage of "gallina" in practical contexts, here are five sample sentences:

  • Las gallinas ponen huevos todos los días.

(The hens lay eggs every day.)

  • Esa gallina es muy protectora con sus polluelos.

(That hen is very protective of her chicks.)

  • No seas una gallina, ¡atrévete a probarlo!

(Don't be a chicken, dare to try it!)

  • Voy a preparar un caldo de gallina para la cena.

(I'm going to prepare a chicken soup for dinner.)

  • Después de la pelea, se puso como una gallina clueca.

(After the fight, he became like a broody hen.)

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In Spanish, "gallina" encompasses not only the literal meaning of a female chicken but also carries cultural and idiomatic significance. From culinary delights to symbolic representations of nurturing, this term is woven into the fabric of Spanish-speaking communities around the world. So the next time you encounter "gallina" in your Spanish endeavors, you will have a deeper understanding of its rich meanings and regional variations. ¡Buena suerte!

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