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How To Say "Detrimental" In Spanish

When it comes to language learning, expanding your vocabulary is crucial. Understanding how to convey nuanced concepts in different languages opens up a world of possibilities. One such term that often comes up in conversation is "detrimental." In this article, we will explore how to express this term in Spanish, along with its meaning and usage.

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What is "Detrimental" in Spanish?

To start, let us break down the term "detrimental" itself. In English, it refers to something that causes harm or damage. In Spanish, the equivalent term is perjudicial (IPA: /peɾxuˈθjal/). This word encapsulates the idea of causing negative effects or consequences.

Meaning of "Detrimental" in Spanish

Understanding the nuances of "perjudicial" can be essential, especially when discussing potential harm or negative impacts. It is used in various contexts, from health to economics, and even in everyday conversations.

Here are a few scenarios where you might encounter this term:

  • Health and Well-being: When discussing the effects of certain substances or behaviors on health, "perjudicial" is a key term. For example, smoking is often described as "perjudicial para la salud" ("detrimental to health.")
  • Economic Discussions: In financial or economic contexts, "perjudicial" can refer to actions or policies that have a negative impact on an economy or a business. For instance, inflation can be described as "perjudicial para la economía" ("detrimental to the economy.")
  • Environmental Concerns: When addressing environmental issues, "perjudicial" is used to describe activities that harm the environment. For example, deforestation is often labeled as "perjudicial para el medio ambiente" ("detrimental to the environment.")

Synonyms of "Detrimental" in Spanish

Here are some synonyms of the term "perjudicial" in Spanish, along with their definitions

  • Dañino (IPA: /ˈdaɲino/): Harmful. Causing damage, injury, or negative effects.
  • Nocivo (IPA: /ˈnosiβo/): Noxious. Capable of causing harm or damage to health or well-being.
  • Lesivo (IPA: /leˈsiβo/): Injurious. causing injury, harm, or damage to something or someone.
  • Destructivo (IPA: /desˈtɾuktivo/): Destructive. Tending to destroy or cause damage.

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How to Say "Detrimental" in Spanish: Sample Sentences

Here are five sample sentences you can use to say "detrimental" in Spanish: 

  • El consumo excesivo de azúcar es perjudicial para la salud.

(Excessive sugar consumption is detrimental to health.)

  • La falta de ejercicio puede ser muy perjudicial para el corazón.

(Lack of exercise can be very detrimental to the heart.)

  • El uso irresponsable de pesticidas es perjudicial para el medio ambiente.

(Irresponsible use of pesticides is detrimental to the environment.)

  • Tomar decisiones apresuradas puede tener consecuencias perjudiciales.

(Making hasty decisions can have detrimental consequences.)

  • La adicción al juego puede ser muy perjudicial para las finanzas personales.

(Gambling addiction can be very detrimental to personal finances.)

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In conclusion, being able to accurately express the term "detrimental" in Spanish as "perjudicial" is a valuable addition to your vocabulary. Whether you are discussing health, economics, or the environment, this word will serve you well. Remember to also keep in mind any translation alternative you may encounter. With this knowledge, you will be able to communicate effectively in a variety of contexts. ¡Buena suerte!

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