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Spanish Lesson #1 - Greetings and Introductions In Spanish

Welcome to the first Spanish lesson blog post of We hope you find helpful the articles we have prepared to teach you the most important components of the Spanish language. We will cover everything you need to adequately use the Spanish most-used words that you can find in our Frecuency Dictionaries. 

Mastering greetings and introductions is both the foundation of any language-learning journey, and the first step to mastering a language. In this article, we will delve into the key components of greeting and introducing yourself in Spanish, providing you with essential tools to kickstart your language-learning adventure.

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Greetings and Introductions in Spanish

Lesson 1


  1. Greeting
  2. Introducing yourself
  3. Asking the Profession
  4. Saying Your Profession
  5. Asking the Age 
  6. Saying Your Age
  7. Saying Your Nationality
  8. Where Are You From 
  9. Where Do You Live
  10. Knowledge of Languages
  11. Be Polite
  12. Greetings
  13. Farewell
  14. Summary

1. Greeting

Let us begin with the cornerstone of every interaction: greetings. In Spanish, hola (IPA: /ˈola/) serves as the universal "hello." This friendly and approachable salutation is perfect for any context, whether you are meeting someone for the first time or reuniting with an old friend.

These are, however, other frequent greetings in Spanish:

  • Buenos días (IPA: /ˈbwenoð ˈdias/) - Good morning 
  • Buenas tardes (IPA: /ˈbwenaθ ˈtaɾðes/) - Good afternoon/evening 
  • Buenas noches (IPA: /ˈbwenaθ ˈnotʃes/) - Good night 
  • ¿Qué tal? (IPA: /ke tal/) - How are you?
  • ¿Cómo estás? (IPA: /ˈkomo esˈtas/) - How are you? 
  • ¿Cómo te va? (IPA: /ˈkomo te ˈba/) - How's it going?  
  • ¿Qué haces? (IPA: /ke ˈases/) - What are you doing?  
  • ¿Qué pasa? (IPA: /ke ˈpasa/) - What's up? 
  • Hola, ¿cómo estás? (IPA: /ˈola ˈkomo esˈtas/) - Hello, how are you? 
  • Hola, ¿qué tal? (IPA: /ˈola ke tal/) - Hello, how's it going? 
  • Hola, ¿qué haces? (IPA: /ˈola ke ˈases/) - Hello, what are you doing?  

2. Introducing yourself

If you want to introduce yourself in Spanish, simply say "Me llamo [tu nombre]." This straightforward phrase, which translates "My name is [your name]," will have you making connections and forming new friendships in no time. These are other alternatives:

  • Hola, soy [nombre]. 

(Hello, I am [name].)

  • Soy [nombre]. 

(I am [name].)

  • Mi nombre es [nombre]. 

(My name is [name].)

  • Encantado/a de conocerte. 

(Nice to meet you.)

  • Mucho gusto. 

(Nice to meet you.)

  • Permíteme presentarme, soy [nombre].

(Allow me to introduce myself, I am [name].)

  • Hola, ¿qué tal? Soy [nombre].

(Hi, how are you? I am [name].)

  • Buenos días/tardes/noches, me llamo [nombre]. 

(Good morning/afternoon/evening, my name is [name].)

  • Soy [nombre] y trabajo en [trabajo o profesión].

(I am [name] and I work as a [job or profession].)

  • Hola, mucho gusto en conocerte, soy [nombre].

(Hello, nice to meet you, I am [name].)

3. Asking the Profession

Sharing your profession is a wonderful way to spark conversation. If you want to ask "What do you do?" in Spanish, you can say ¿A qué te dedicas? (IPA: / a ke te ðeˈðikas /).

4. Saying Your Profession

To respond, simply say "Soy [tu profesión],", which means "I am a [your profession]."

  • Soy médico cirujano. (I am a medical surgeon.)

5. Asking the Age 

To ask someone's age in Spanish, you can use the following phrase:

¿Cuántos años tienes? (IPA: /ˈkwantos ˈaɲos ˈtienes/) - This translates to "How old are you?"

6. Saying Your Age

To tell your age in Spanish, you can use the following phrase:

"Tengo [tu edad] años." - This translates to "I am [your age] years old."

  • Tengo 66 años. (I am 66 years old.)

Remember to approach this topic with sensitivity, as some individuals may not wish to disclose their age.

7. Saying Your Nationality

Sharing your nationality can lead to intriguing conversations about culture and travel. To say "I am [your nationality]," use "Soy [tu nacionalidad]."

  • Soy Colombiano. (I am Colombian.) 

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8. Where Are You From 

Describing your origins and current residence is a great way to foster connections. To state your birthplace, say "Soy de [tu lugar de nacimiento]," which translated "I am from [bithplace]."

  • Soy de Lima. (I am from Lima.)

9. Where Do You Live

For your current location, say "Vivo en [tu lugar de residencia]," which translates "I live in [your place of residence]."

  • Vivo en Bogotá. (I live in Bogotá.) 

10. Knowledge of Languages

Highlighting your language skills can spark interesting discussions.

To say "I speak [your language(s)]," use "Hablo [tu(s) idioma(s)]."

  • Hablo inglés y español. (I speak English and Spanish.)

11. Be Polite

Politeness is key in any language.

To ask "Please" say por favor IPA: /poɾ faˈboɾ/).

To say "Thank you," use gracias (IPA: /ˈɡɾasjas/).

These phrases show respect and appreciation in social interactions.

12. Greetings

Expanding your greeting repertoire adds depth to your interactions.

Besides "hola," you can use buenos días IPA: /ˈbweno̞s ˈdias/) for "Good morning," buenas tardes (IPA: /ˈbwenas ˈtaɾðes/) for "Good afternoon," and buenas noches (IPA: /ˈbwenas ˈnot͡ʃes/) for "Good evening" or "Goodnight."

13. Farewell

Just as important as greetings are farewells.

Adiós (IPA: /ɑˈdjɔs/) is the universal "goodbye," suitable for various situations. For a casual "See you later," use hasta luego (IPA: /ˈasta ˈlweɡo/) or hasta pronto (IPA: /ˈasta ˈpɾonto/) when you plan to see the person soon.

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14. Summary

In our first Spanish lesson blog post, we have covered the fundamental elements that lay the groundwork for meaningful conversations. From basic greetings like "hola" to sharing your name, age, profession, and more, you now possess the tools to confidently initiate interactions in Spanish. Remember, language learning is a gradual process, so do not hesitate to practice and make mistakes —they are all part of the adventure!

As you venture into the world of Spanish language learning, keep these greetings and introductions in your linguistic toolbox. By mastering these foundational aspects, you will be better equipped to explore deeper levels of communication and delve into the rich tapestry of Spanish culture. So go ahead, greet, introduce, and embrace the beauty of the Spanish language! ¡Buena suerte!

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