Learn The Most Common Words In Czech
Maybe you have been thinking about learning Czech for a while, but didn’t know where or how to start. There are over 150,000 words you can find in the Czech language that are in current use, but worry not! There’s a secret in language learning that I would share with you.
Did you know that you only need around 250 words to get by as a tourist? This is the amount of words you need for survival fluency. And did you know that you can understand about 80% of all spoken language on a daily basis by everyone who speaks the language with just the top 1000 words? And by reaching 2,500 words, you should be able to convey anything that you want to say, although you might need to be more creative with your word preferences and sentence construction.
If you know around 1000 to 3000 words, you are able to converse in almost all languages. Ask about people’s day or tell them how you are doing. The more words you learn, the more fluent you will become in a language. 4000 to 10,000 words will allow you to use more specific vocabulary to discuss professional topics, current events, opinions and other complex topics.
You can speak about almost any topic with ease if you have a vocabulary of around 10,000 words. With enough knowledge, you can also recognize unfamiliar words from context. The number of words native speakers of different languages know can vary greatly, making it difficult to estimate how many words a native English speaker might know. Estimates for the number of words a native speaker could know range from 10,000 to 65,000+. And there is a difference between an active vocabulary and a passive vocabulary. The first is the ones you can use in written and spoken language, and the second meaning the words you can recognize or deduce its meaning. With that in mind, we recommend beginning with the most common words in Czech.
MostUsedWords has frequency dictionaries available for all learners. Whether you are just starting out, or already a master of the language, you can enjoy these books. Our frequency dictionaries are intended to all levels of fluency: beginner, intermediate, advanced, and master. These links are affiliate links. Purchasing through these links may give us a little extra compensation from Amazon, at no extra cost to you.
In this article, we made a Czech vocabulary list for learners that are starting out as beginners. We categorized the most common words in Czech so you will have an easier time finding what you are looking for. We believe that learning the foundation of your target vocabulary is the key to language fluency.
Basic Czech Words
“Ahoj” means “Hello” in English.
“Ahoj” also translates to “goodbye”.
“Děkuji” means “thank you”.
Saying “please” translates to “prosím” in the Czech vocabulary.
The word “ano” means “yes”, while “no” is “ne” in Czech.
“samozřejmě” which means “of course”
The word “love” translates to the Czech word “milovat”.
Basic Czech Nouns For People
“muž” means “man”, while “žena” means “woman” in Czech.
“chlapec” is what you call a boy.
“dívka” is what you call a girl.
“příteli” is what you call your friend.
“osoba” means “person”.
You call your family “rodina” in the Czech language.
“syn” is the son in the family, while “dcera” is the daughter.
“Služebník” or “služebná” is what you can call a servant or maid.
“milenec” is what you can call your lover.
Basic Czech Nouns For Time
“jednou” means “one time” in English.
“dnes” means “today” in English.
“zítra” means “tomorrow” in English.
“včera” means “yesterday” in English.
“hodina” means “hour” in English.
“rok” means “year” in English.
“den” means “day” in English.
“týden” means “week” in English.
“před” means “before” in English.
“po” means “after” in English.
“čas” means “time” in English.
“počasí” means “weather” in English.
Czech Words for Weather
The word “hot” in the Czech language is “horký”
“Studený” means cold
Rain means “déšť” in Czech
“slunce” means sun, while moon is “měsíc”
“sníh” means snow
And “vítr” translates to the wind
Common Czech Verbs
“být” means “To be”
“mít” means “To have”
“existovat” means “To exist”
“vlastnit” means “To own”
“dělat” means “To do” or “To make”
“může udělat” means “Can do”
“vidět” means “To see”
“jít” means “To go”
“dát” means “To give”
“vědět” means “To know”
“chtít” means “To want”
“milovat” means “To love”
“věřit” means “To believe”
“mluvit” means “To talk”
“nést” means “To carry”
“najít” means “To find”
“mít rád” means “To like”
“říct” means “To tell”
“přijít” means “To come”
“myslet” means “To think”
“rozumět” means “To understand”
“číst” means “To read”
“jíst” means “To eat”
“pít” means “To drink”
“pracovat” means “To work”
“použít” means “To use”
Common Czech Greetings
“Good morning” translates to “dobré ráno”
“Good afternoon” translates to “dobré odpoledne”
“Good evening” translates to “dobrý večer”
“Good night” translates to “dobrou noc”
“How are you?” translates to “jak se máte?”
What’s up? translates to “co se děje?”
“How’s it going?” translates to “jak to jde?”
“What are you doing?” translates to “Co to děláš?”
“What’s happening?” translates to “co se děje?”
Common Czech Questions
If you want to ask someone their name, you can say “jak se jmenuješ?”
If you want to ask someone what time it is, you can say “Kolik je hodin?”
If you want to ask someone where they are from, you can say “odkud jsi?”
If you want to ask someone where they live, you can say “Kde bydlíš?”
If you want to ask someone for help, you can say “můžeš mi pomoci?”
If you want to ask if you can help them with something, you can say “mohu vám pomoci?”
If you want to ask how much is the product or service, you can say “Kolik to stojí?”
If you want to ask if the person understands what you said, you can say “rozumíš?”
Learn The Most Common Words In Czech and Never Forget It
Learning by reading is one of the best ways to acquire knowledge, as it exposes you to how the word is pronounced and spelled. Reading through our textbooks also guides you to proper usage of the term, because we provide IPA phonetic spelling.
You are likely wanting to learn a language to communicate with native speakers and have real-life conversations. It is also possible that you are learning for personal reasons, such as hobbies or work advantage. To get there, your language learning methods must be excellent and effective.
By combining the knowledge of several books, you can learn a new language. MostUsedWords aims to maximize output. This means you will be fluent in Czech, while ensuring that your reading time does not consume your time doing other tasks in your weekly schedule. Our frequency dictionaries make learning as easy as possible.
- Czech Frequency Dictionary 1 - Beginner Czech
- Czech Frequency Dictionary 2 - Intermediate Czech
- Czech Frequency Dictionary 3 - Advanced Czech
- Czech Frequency Dictionary 4 - Fluent Czech
Each book contains 2500 words, which has a total of 10,000 most common Czech words divided into these four books. We offer a discount if you buy the four frequency dictionaries at once. These frequency dictionaries are excellent materials for those who study Czech language by themselves or in a classroom setting, since they are convenient and handy. If you are looking for learning material, these books will surely help you improve your fluency as quickly and efficiently as you want. If you prefer learning the 5000 most common words in Czech instead, we also have a smaller discount available for you.