A Spanish Vocabulary List For Learners

Learn Spanish, Most Common Spanish Words, Spanish Common Words, Spanish Vocabulary -

A Spanish Vocabulary List For Learners

If you don’t know where to start learning Spanish, we made a Spanish vocabulary list for you. You can use this as your personal list for vocabulary recap every week. The Spanish words are listed by how often they are used. We also provide you with detailed grammatical information, and part of speech. We also provide you with IPA phonetic spelling, so you always know how to pronounce words correctly. Each entry comes with a bilingual sample sentence, so you can see them being used in context. They also provide you with bilingual reading practice. You can check out our e-book with the 100 most common Spanish words for free from our website. The top 100 words already account for 50% of all Spanish language.

MostUsedWords Frequency Dictionaries can be downloaded as ebooks from our website. They are also available as paperbacks on Amazon. These dictionaries provide vocabulary in various levels of fluency: beginners, intermediates, advanced, and near-fluent vocabulary for learners. These links above are affiliate links. Meaning, we might get a small commission if you make a purchase through these links, at no extra cost to you.


How Many Words Should You Know To Achieve Fluency At Different Levels?

Beginner – 250 to 500 words should suffice if you are just beginning to learn a language. You'll be able to hold basic conversations and navigate in tourist situations after just one week of studying. 500 words is enough to get you through everyday life in most languages.

Conversational – With only 1,000 to 3,000 words, you can communicate in almost all languages. You can then ask people about their day and tell them how you are doing.

Advanced – You will become more fluent in a language by learning between 4,000 and 10,000 words. This will allow you to use more specific vocabulary to discuss professional topics, current events, opinions and other complex topics. The 5000 most common Spanish words bundle will allow you to take your language skills up a notch.

Fluent – With around 10,000 words in your vocabulary, you can speak about almost any topic with ease. Additionally, you can recognize unfamiliar words with enough knowledge. Save even more and get a bigger discount if you order the 10,000 most common Spanish words at once.

Native – Word counts in different languages are not the same, so it can be difficult to estimate how many words native speakers know. An estimate of the number of words a native English speaker could know ranges between 10,000 and 65,000+

Spanish Vocabulary List

The Foundation

These are the most commonly used words you can find in the Spanish vocabulary. This is the key on how you can construct the most basic sentences or answers to basic questions.

means “yes”

no means “no” 

¿entiendes? means “do you understand?”

no entiendo means “I don’t understand”

no (lo) sé means “I don’t know”

estoy perdido(a) means “I'm lost”

 no tengo ni idea means “I have no idea”

no hablo español means “I don’t speak Spanish”


Introduce Yourself

Maybe you found yourself in a situation where you need to meet and chat with someone you don’t know. Here are some ways to introduce yourself to them:


me llamo or mi nombre es means “my name is…”

soy… means “I’m…”

¿cómo te llamas? means “what is your name?”

(yo) soy de… means “I am from…”

What’s Up

These are ways to ask someone what’s going on with their lives or a specific situation. You can use these Spanish words and phrases to start small talks:

¿cómo está usted? means “how are you?” (formal)

¿cómo estás? means “how are you?” (informal)

¿qué tal? means “what’s up?”

¿cómo te va? means “how‘s it going?”

¿qué haces? means “what are you doing?”

¿qué pasa? means “what is happening?”



Etiquette Words

Etiquette can bring you to places around the world! Learn these polite Spanish words:

¡de nada! means “you’re welcome!” or “no problem!”

por favor means “please”

¡perdon! means “excuse me!”

¡disculpe! means “excuse me!”

¡lo siento! means “sorry!”

gracias means “thank you”

salud means “bless you”



Essential Questions

These are the key questions you might use any time to any context:

¿qué…? means “what?”

¿quién…? means “who?”

¿cuándo…? means “when?”

¿dónde…? means “where?”

¿por qué…? means “why?”

¿cuál? means “which?”

¿cómo…? means “how?”



Spanish Pronouns

Pronouns are essential to make our sentences clearer, less awkward, and smoother. It is important to consider the gender of the noun to address them accordingly:

Yo means “I”

tú (informal) means “you”

usted (formal) means “you”

él means “he”

ella means “she”

nosotros/nosotras means “we”

ustedes means “you all”

ellos means “they”

ellas (females) means “they” 




It’s a nice thing to know how to greet other people. You can start with a simple hola!:

hola means “hello”

buenos días means “good morning”

buenas tardes means “good afternoon”

buenas noches means “good evening” or “good night”



Saying Goodbye

It is polite to say "goodbye" and let the other person know you are leaving before you go:


adiós means “goodbye”

chao means “goodbye”

hasta luego means see you later”

hasta mañana means “see you tomorrow”

nos vemos means “see you” (informal)

¡cuídate mucho! means “take care!”

¡tenga un buen día! means “have a nice day!”

¡hasta luego! means “see you soon!”

¡buen viaje! means “have a good trip!”



Days of the Week

Talking about specific times or dates, you should know how to say the days of the week:

Domingo means “Sunday”

Lunes means “Monday”

Martes means “Tuesday”

Miércoles means “Wednesday”

Jueves means “Thursday”

Viernes means “Friday”

Sabado means “Saturday”




Other Time Words

Of course you can’t miss the general terms used to address the time! Here are some:

anteayer means “day before yesterday”

ayer means “yesterday”

el año means “year”

el día means “day”

el mes means “month”

el siglo means “century”

la hora means “hour”

hoy means “today”

la semana means “week”

madrugada means “dawn, very early in the morning”

mañana means “tomorrow”

mañana means “morning”

medianoche means “midnight”

mediodia means “noon”

el minuto means “minute”

la noche means “night”

el pasado mañana means “day after tomorrow”

los segundos means “seconds”

la tarde means “afternoon”



Nuclear Family

Addressing your family member is necessary, isn't it? You should know how to address them in your target language so that when you speak to them or talk about them with others, they would know who you are talking about:

el padre means “father”

el papá means “dad”

la madre  means “mother”

la mamá means “mom”

el hermano means “brother”

la hermana means “sister”

el hijo  means “son”

la hija  means “daughter”

la familia cercana means “close family”



Personality and Emotions

With these Spanish words, you can describe your feelings and other people’s character:

alegre means “joyful”

gracioso/a means “funny” or “amusing”

serio/a means “serious”

tímido/a means “shy”

valiente means “brave”

loco/a means “crazy”

contento/a means “content”

feliz means “happy”

preocupado/a means “worried”

nervioso/a means “nervous”

tranquilo/a means “tranquil”

calmado/a means “calm”

excitado/a means “excited”



Start Learning Today!

Although we provided you with a general Spanish vocabulary list in this article, it isn’t enough to achieve a level of actual fluency in the language. Learn more with MostUsedWords Frequency Dictionaries! Each dictionary follows the same layout. The only thing that differs is the range of vocabulary. You can download them as ebooks on our website, or as paperbacks on Amazon.



Each of the dictionaries contains English translations of the Spanish words, accompanied by example sentences to know the right use of words in context. Each word also has IPA phonetic spelling as pronunciation guide, as well as a detailed part of speech information! You can check out what users have to say in our Spanish Frequency Dictionaries reviews.



You can expand your vocabulary by learning new words through context. Reading can help you to understand the flow and grammar since this mimics natural language learning and will help you learn new vocabulary by allowing you to use context. You'll be able to retain words quicker if you are exposed to them repeatedly.


Leave a comment

Please note, comments must be approved before they are published