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Language is a fascinating window into culture and emotion. Translating words that describe complex feelings, like "depressed," from one language to another can sometimes be a nuanced endeavor. In this article, we will explore how to convey the English adjective "depressed" in Spanish, discussing its meaning, pronunciation, and regional variations. Whether you are a language enthusiast or simply looking to expand your vocabulary, this article will guide you through the linguistic journey.

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What is "Depressed" in Spanish?

The English adjective "depressed," which refers to a state of unhappiness, despondency, and low spirits, can be translated into Spanish as deprimido (IPA: /de.pɾiˈmi.ðo/). It is important to note that while the translation captures the essence of the word, nuances might differ across various Spanish-speaking regions.

Meaning of "Depressed" in Spanish

In the context of mood and emotions, the Spanish word "deprimido" conveys a similar sentiment to its English counterpart. It is commonly used to describe someone's emotional state when they are feeling down, sad, or lacking energy. The word can also describe a low point in someone's life, such as experiencing a period of sadness or difficulty.

Synonyms of "Depressed" in Spanish

Here are some synonyms of the verb "deprimido" in Spanish, along with their meanings:

  • Apesadumbrado (IPA: /apesaðumˈbɾaðo/): Gloomy or saddened. Feeling a deep sadness or sorrow.
  • Triste (IPA: /ˈtɾiste/): Sad. Experiencing a feeling of unhappiness or sorrow.
  • Abatido (IPA: /aβaˈtiðo/): Dejected or downcast. Feeling low in spirits and lacking motivation.
  • Melancólico (IPA: /melanˈkoliko/): Melancholic. Experiencing a sense of melancholy, characterized by a deep and pensive sadness.
  • Acongojado (IPA: /akoŋˈgoxaðo/): Distressed or anguished. Feeling overwhelmed by distress or mental anguish.
  • Desanimado (IPA: /desaniˈmaðo/): Disheartened or discouraged. Having lost enthusiasm, hope, or motivation.
  • Agobiado (IPA: /aɣoˈbjaðo/): Overwhelmed or burdened. Feeling weighed down by emotional or psychological pressure.
  • Apático (IPA: /aˈpatiko/): Apathetic. Displaying a lack of interest, emotion, or enthusiasm.
  • Desolado (IPA: /desoˈlaðo/): Desolate or bereaved. Feeling a sense of emptiness and abandonment.
  • Deshilachado (IPA: /desilaˈtʃaðo/): Unraveled or frayed. Emotionally worn out or psychologically frayed.

—Other noun, verb, adjective, and adverb forms of depressed (depression, to get depressed, to depress, depressive, depressively) are analyzed in other blog posts.                                                               4 eBooks of the Spanish Frequency Dictionaries series by MostUsedWords

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Regional References

It is worth noting that the usage of these verbs might have slight regional variations in Spanish-speaking countries. However, the basic meanings remain consistent across the board. Additionally, keep in mind that these verbs can be conjugated to match different subject pronouns and tenses, enabling you to communicate in various contexts.

How to Say "Depressed" in Spanish: Sample Sentences

Here are five sample sentences you can use to say "depressed" in Spanish:

  • Mi amigo se ha deprimido después de perder su trabajo.

(My friend is depressed after losing his job.)

  • Después de la ruptura, se sintió muy abatida durante semanas.

(After the breakup, she felt very depressed for weeks.)

  • Los días grises y lluviosos siempre me hacen sentir abatido.

(Gray and rainy days always make me feel depressed.)

  • La situación económica actual está dejando a muchas personas deprimidas.

(The current economic situation is leaving many people depressed.)

  • A pesar de los obstáculos, ella lucha contra su deprimido estado y busca ayuda.

(Despite the obstacles, she fights against her depressed state and seeks help.)

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Translating emotions and complex feelings from one language to another requires a delicate balance of linguistic accuracy and cultural understanding. When it comes to conveying the English adjective "depressed" in Spanish, the term "deprimido" is the primary translation. However, synonyms such as "abatido" might also be properly used, adding a layer of richness to the linguistic tapestry of the Spanish language. By delving into these nuances, we gain a deeper appreciation for the interconnectedness of languages and the diverse ways in which they reflect the human experience. So, whether you are connecting with Spanish speakers from various regions or simply exploring linguistic intricacies, you now have a better understanding of how to express the concept of "depressed" in Spanish.

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