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How To Say "Penalty" In Spanish

When it comes to learning a new language, it is essential to understand how to express common terms and concepts accurately. In this article, we will delve into the translation and meaning of the word "penalty" in Spanish. Additionally, we will explore regional variations and provide you with useful Spanish-to-English sample sentences. Let us get started!

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What is "Penalty" in Spanish?

The word "penalty" in English refers to a punishment or consequence for a particular action. In Spanish, the equivalent term for "penalty" is penalización (IPA: /penaliθaˈθjon/) or sanción (IPA: /sanˈθjon/). These terms encompass the idea of a punitive measure in response to an offense or violation.

Meaning of "Penalty" in Spanish

In different regions where Spanish is spoken, variations in vocabulary and usage exist. Here are some regional references for the term "penalty" in Spanish:

  • In Spain: In Spain, the word "penalty" is commonly translated as penalti (IPA: /peˈnalti/). This term specifically refers to a penalty kick in football (soccer).
  • In Mexico and Latin America: In Mexico and most Latin American countries, the word "penalty" is commonly translated as "penalti" or "penalización," which carries the general meaning of punishment or sanction.
  • In Argentina: In Argentina, the term "penalty" is usually translated as pénalty (IPA: /ˈpenalti/), similar to the Spanish term used in Spain.

Synonyms of "Penalty" in Spanish

Here are some synonyms of "penalización" in Spanish, along with their meanings:

  • Sanción (IPA: /sanˈθjon/): Penalty. A punishment or consequence imposed by law or authority in response to wrongdoing or violation.
  • Castigo (IPA: /kasˈtiɣo/): Punishment. An infliction of pain, suffering, or loss as a result of an offense or violation.
  • Multa (IPA: /ˈmulta/): Fine. A financial penalty or monetary punishment imposed for a breach of law or regulation.
  • Represalia (IPA: /repreˈsalia/): Retaliation. An act of revenge or retribution in response to an offense or injury.
  • Censura (IPA: /θenˈsuɾa/): Censorship. The act of suppressing or restricting information, expression, or activities deemed inappropriate or offensive.
  • Infracción (IPA: /inˈfɾaksjon/): Infraction. A violation or breach of a rule, law, or regulation, usually resulting in a penalty or punishment.
  • Pena (IPA: /ˈpena/): Penalty. A consequence or punishment imposed as a result of committing a crime or wrongdoing.
  • Coacción (IPA: /koakˈsjon/): Coercion. The use of force or intimidation to compel someone to act against their will or to comply with certain demands.
  • Condena (IPA: /konˈdena/): Conviction. A judicial decision that finds someone guilty of a crime, usually accompanied by a penalty or sentence.
  • Cárcel (IPA: /ˈkaɾθel/): Imprisonment. The act of being confined or detained in a correctional facility as a punishment for a crime.

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How to Say "Penalty" in Spanish: Sample Sentences

Here are five sample sentences you can use to say "penalty" in Spanish:

  • El árbitro pitó un penalti en el último minuto del partido.

(The referee awarded a penalty in the last minute of the game.)

  • Recibió una penalización por incumplir las normas del tráfico.

(He received a penalty for breaking traffic rules.)

  • El gobierno impuso una sanción económica a la empresa por malas prácticas.

(The government imposed an economic penalty on the company for misconduct.)

  • El jugador anotó un gol de penal.

(The player scored a penalty goal.)

  • El tribunal dictaminó una pena de prisión para el acusado.

(The court ruled a prison sentence for the defendant.)

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Understanding how to say "penalty" in Spanish is crucial for effective communication in various situations. Whether you are discussing sports, law, or general consequences, knowing the appropriate term allows you to express your thoughts accurately. Remember that regional variations exist, with terms like "penalti" and "penalización" used across different Spanish-speaking countries. By expanding your vocabulary and utilizing the sample sentences provided, you will be well-equipped to navigate conversations and convey your intended meaning. ¡Buena suerte!

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