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How To Say On In Spanish

Have you ever wondered how to say "On" in Spanish? If so, you are not alone. "On" is a common word in the English language, but its equivalent in Spanish can be a bit confusing for non-native speakers. In this article, we will explore the various ways to say "On" in Spanish, its meaning, and regional differences.

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What is "On" in Spanish?

The word "On" in English is a preposition that is used to indicate location or position. For example, "the book is on the table" means that the book is resting or situated on top of the table. In Spanish, the word "On" can be translated as "sobre", "encima de", or "en". The choice of word depends on the context and the region.

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Meaning of "On" in Spanish

The word "On" in Spanish can have different meanings depending on the context. Here are some examples:

  • On top of: Encima de, sobre
  • On time: A tiempo, puntualmente
  • On foot: A pie
  • On the phone: En el teléfono
  • On purpose: A propósito

Translating "On" to Spanish

The most common translations for "On" in Spanish are "sobre", "encima de", and "en". Let us take a closer look at each of these translations:

  • Sobre (IPA: /ˈso.βɾe/): This word is commonly used to indicate that something is on top of something else. For example, "the book is on the table" would be "el libro está sobre la mesa" in Spanish.
  • Encima de (IPA: /en.ˈθ ðe/): This phrase is also used to indicate that something is on top of something else. However, it is more commonly used when the object is physically resting on top of something. For example, "the cat is on the roof" would be "el gato está encima del tejado" in Spanish.
  • En (IPA: /en/): This preposition is used to indicate that something is in or on something else. For example, "the book is on the shelf" would be "el libro está en la estantería" in Spanish.

Regional Differences

Just like with any language, there are regional differences in the way "On" is used in Spanish. For example, in some regions of Latin America, the word "sobre" is used more frequently, while in other regions, "encima de" is more common. It is important to understand these differences to avoid confusion when speaking with native speakers.

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How to Say On in Spanish: Sample Sentences

Here are five sample sentences to help you learn how to say "on" in Spanish:

  • ¿Puedes poner el plato sobre la mesa?

(Can you put the plate on the table?)

  • ¿Llegaste a tiempo a la reunión?

(Did you arrive on time for the meeting?)

  • Prefiero ir al trabajo a pie.

(I prefer to go to work on foot.)

  • ¿Estás hablando con tu jefe en el teléfono?

(Are you talking to your boss on the phone?)

  • Hice esto a propósito.

(I did this on purpose.)


In conclusion, knowing how to say "On" in Spanish is essential for effective communication in the language. It is important to understand the different translations and regional differences to avoid confusion. Remember that "sobre", "encima de", and "en" are the most common translations for "On" in Spanish, and the choice of word depends on the context. Use these tips and sample sentences to improve your Spanish language skills.

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