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How To Say "Lose" In Spanish

In the rich tapestry of languages spoken around the world, Spanish stands out as one of the most widely spoken and cherished languages. If you are looking to expand your vocabulary, it is essential to know how to express various concepts accurately. In this article, we will explore how to say "lose" (noun) in Spanish, delve into its meaning, and provide regional references. Let us embark on this linguistic journey!

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What is "Lose" (Noun) in Spanish?

The word "lose" as a noun can be translated into Spanish as pérdida (IPA: /ˈpɛɾ.ði.ða/). This term encompasses the concept of losing something or experiencing a loss. It is important to note that "pérdida" is the most common translation and is widely used across Spanish-speaking regions. However, like any language, Spanish has its regional variations that may offer alternative expressions for the same concept.

It is important to note that pérdida —written with an accent in the "e"— is not the same as "perdido(a)", which translates lost. In Spanish, the "tilde" ("accent") not only serves to accentuate but also to mark the meaning of words. 

Meaning of "Lose" in Spanish

When we talk about the noun "lose" in Spanish, it refers to the act of losing or experiencing a loss. This could relate to various aspects of life, such as losing a game, misplacing an object, or experiencing the loss of a loved one. The term "la pérdida" encapsulates the emotional and tangible aspects of losing something or someone.

Synonyms of "Lose" in Spanish

Here are some synonyms of the Spanish word "pérdida" ("lose") along with their meanings:

  • Extravío (IPA: /ekstɾaˈβi.o/): The act of losing or misplacing something, or the state of being lost or misplaced. It can also refer to the feeling of being lost or disoriented.
  • Desaparición (IPA: /desapaɾiˈθjon/): The act of disappearing or vanishing completely. It can also refer to the state of being missing or unaccounted for.
  • Merma (IPA: /ˈmeɾma/): A decrease, reduction, or diminishment in quantity, size, or value. It is often used to describe a decline in resources or profits.
  • Defunción (IPA: /defunˈθjon/): The act of dying or the state of being deceased. It specifically refers to the loss of a person's life.
  • Ausencia (IPA: /awˈsenθja/): The state or condition of being absent or not present. It can also refer to the absence of a certain quality, characteristic, or element.
  • Deterioro (IPA: /det̪eɾjoɾo/): The process or state of becoming worse in quality, condition, or value. It often implies a gradual decline or degradation.
  • Desperdicio (IPA: /despeɾˈd̪iθjo/): The act of wasting or squandering something, especially resources or opportunities. It can also refer to something that is wasted or thrown away.
  • Perjuicio (IPA: /peɾˈxujo/): The harm, damage, or disadvantage caused by an action or event. It typically implies a negative consequence or loss.
  • Fuga (IPA: /ˈfuɣa/): The act of fleeing, escaping, or running away. It can also refer to a leak or escape of substances, such as gas or liquid.
  • Privación [pɾiβaˈθjon/): The act of depriving or the state of being deprived of something essential or necessary. It often implies a lack or absence of something important.

—The verb, adjective, and adverb forms of lose (to lose, lost, losingly) are analyzed in other blog posts. 

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How to Say "Lose" in Spanish: Sample Sentences

Here are five sample sentences you can use to say "lose" in Spanish:

  • La pérdida del partido nos dejó desanimados.

(The loss of the game left us discouraged.)

  • ¿Cómo puedo compensar esta pérdida financiera?

(How can I make up for this financial loss?)

  • El equipo sufrió una gran pérdida tras la retirada del capitán.

(The team experienced a significant loss after the captain's retirement.)

  • La pérdida de las llaves ha causado muchos inconvenientes.

(Losing the keys has caused a lot of inconvenience.)

  • Lamentamos profundamente su pérdida. Nuestro más sentido pésame.

(We deeply regret your loss. Our deepest condolences.)

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Learning how to say "lose" (noun) in Spanish provides you with a vital tool to communicate effectively and express the concept of loss accurately. While "pérdida" serves as the universal translation, understanding proper synonyms enhances your language skills and cultural knowledge. By embracing the diversity within the Spanish language, you will develop a more nuanced understanding of this beautiful language. ¡Buena suerte!

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