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How To Say "Last Week" In Spanish

Learning a new language opens up a world of opportunities for communication and understanding. One common question that arises when learning Spanish is, "How do you say the English term 'last week' in Spanish?" In this article, we will delve into the different ways to express this concept in Spanish, analyze its meanings, and provide some sample sentences to help you practice.

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What is "Last Week" in Spanish?

The English term "last week" refers to the week that occurred just before the current one. In Spanish, there are several ways to convey this idea, each with its own subtle nuances. Let's explore some of the most commonly used phrases:

  • La semana pasada (IPA: /la ˈ paˈsa.ða/): This is the most straightforward translation of "last week" in Spanish. The phrase "la semana pasada" is used universally across Spanish-speaking regions and is easily understood.
  • La semana anterior (IPA: /la ˈ an.teˈrjor/): Another way to express "last week" is "la semana anterior." This phrase is slightly more formal and can be used in both formal and informal contexts.

Meaning of "Last Week" in Spanish

"Last week" in Spanish can be used in various contexts, much like its English counterpart. It can refer to a time frame in the past or be used to discuss events that occurred recently. Additionally, the term can be employed in different grammatical structures to convey specific meanings:

  • Referring to the past: When you want to talk about something that happened in the week immediately preceding the present one, you can use phrases like "la semana pasada" or "la semana anterior." For example, "La semana pasada fuimos al cine" means "Last week, we went to the movies."
  • Discussing recent events: "Last week" can also be used to discuss events that occurred recently. In this context, it is often used with present tense verbs to indicate actions that took place in the recent past. For instance, "La semana pasada comienzo mi nuevo trabajo" means "I start my new job last week."

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How to Say "Last Week" in Spanish: Sample Sentences

Here are five sample sentences you can use to say "last week" in Spanish:

  • La semana pasada fui de vacaciones a la playa.

(Last week, I went on vacation to the beach.)

  • La semana anterior aprendí a cocinar paella. 

(In the previous week, I learned to cook paella.)

  • La semana pasada visitamos el museo de arte moderno.

(Last week, we visited the modern art museum.)

  • ¿Fuiste al concierto la semana pasada?

(Did you go to the concert last week?)

  • Comencé un nuevo proyecto la semana anterior. 

(I started a new project the previous week.)

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Mastering the nuances of a new language involves understanding not only direct translations but also the cultural and regional variations in expression. When it comes to saying "last week" in Spanish, you have a few options, including "la semana pasada" and "la semana anterior." These phrases are widely understood across Spanish-speaking regions, and by using them appropriately, you can confidently navigate conversations about the past and recent events. So, whether you are conversing with a Spaniard in Madrid or chatting with a local in Buenos Aires, you will be able to seamlessly discuss "last week" in Spanish.

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