Spanish -

How To Say "Depression" In Spanish

When it comes to language, both nuances and cultural contexts play a crucial role in translation. The English noun "depression" carries a weighty significance, encompassing various emotional, psychological, and even geographical aspects. Translating such a term requires an understanding of the diverse Spanish expressions used across different regions. In this article, we will delve into the ways to say "depression" in Spanish, exploring its meanings and regional variations.

Buy the 10.000 Most Common Spanish Words eBook set.
Learn Spanish smart and efficiently with the top 10.000 Spanish words.

What is "Depression" in Spanish?

In Spanish, the term "depression" can be translated as depresión (IPA: /de.pɾeˈsjon/). This translation is commonly understood throughout the Spanish-speaking world. However, the linguistic landscape doesn't end there. In the Spanish language, different expresions can convey this complex emotion. The plural form of "depresión" is depresiones (IPA: /de.pɾeˈ

Meaning of "Depression" in Spanish

The Spanish noun "depresión" carries a similar weight to its English counterpart. It refers to a state of low mood, sadness, or a prolonged feeling of despondency. This term is not limited to emotions: it is also used in the context of geography, where it describes a sunken or lowered area of land. The versatility of this term highlights its significance across various domains.

Synonyms of "Depression" in Spanish

Here are some synonyms of the verb "depresión" in Spanish, along with their meanings:

  • Desánimo (IPA: /desˈanimo/): Lack of motivation, enthusiasm, or energy. A state of discouragement or demotivation.
  • Abatimiento (IPA: /aβatiˈmjento/): Feeling of being emotionally or physically drained, often due to difficult circumstances or low spirits.
  • Desaliento (IPA: /desaˈljento/): A sense of disheartenment, loss of hope, or reduced optimism.
  • Desmotivación (IPA: /desmotivaˈθjon/): A state of lacking the drive, incentive, or interest to pursue activities or goals.
  • Decaída (IPA: /deˈkaida/): A period of decline, both emotionally and physically, often accompanied by a decrease in energy or mood.
  • Tristeza (IPA: /ˈtristeθa/): Sadness or sorrow, often related to feelings of depression or low spirits.
  • Melancolía (IPA: /melanˈkolja/): A deep and prolonged sadness, often accompanied by a sense of nostalgia or longing.
  • Apatía (IPA: /apaˈtia/): Motional indifference, lack of interest, or a feeling of not caring about things that would normally evoke a response.
  • Desesperanza (IPA: /desesperanˈθa/): A state of feeling hopeless, without expectation of positive outcomes.
  • Desánimo (IPA: /desˈanimo/): A sense of discouragement, lack of enthusiasm, or diminished drive to engage in activities.

—The verb, adjective, and adverb forms of depression (to get depressed, to depress, depressed, depressive, depressively) are analyzed in other blog posts.                                                               4 eBooks of the Spanish Frequency Dictionaries series by MostUsedWords

Take a look at our series of frequency dictionaries to learn Spanish words fast. Stop learning hard, and start learning smart!

Regional References

Languages often exhibit regional variations, and Spanish is no exception. While "depresión" is the standard term used in most Spanish-speaking countries, there can be some variations in dialects and vocabulary. For example, in some Latin American countries, you might also hear the term "melancolía" used to describe a similar state of emotional lowliness. However, it is important to recognize that "depresión" remains the widely recognized and accepted term across different Spanish-speaking regions.

How to Say "Depression" in Spanish: Sample Sentences

Here are five sample sentences you can use to say "depression" in Spanish:

  • La depresión es una enfermedad seria que requiere atención médica.

(Depression is a serious illness that requires medical attention.)

  • Ella lucha contra la depresión desde hace años.

(She has been battling depression for years.)

  • Geográficamente, una depresión es una zona de relieve terrestre situada a menor altitud que las regiones circundantes.

(Geographically, a depression is an area of land relief located at a lower elevation than the surrounding regions.)

  • Buscar ayuda profesional es fundamental cuando se trata de enfrentarse a la depresión.

(Seeking professional help is essential when facing depression.)

  • El apoyo de amigos y familiares es crucial para superar la depresión.

(The support of friends and family is crucial for overcoming depression.)

All MostUsedWords Spanish Frequency Dictionaries in Paperback
Take a look at what our customers have to say, and get your Spanish Frequency Dictionaries in paperback here! We offer different levels:


In conclusion, understanding how to say the English noun "depression" in Spanish can greatly enhance your language skills and ability to communicate effectively. The term "depresión" carries the same emotional weight and significance as its English counterpart. While there may be regional variations and alternative terms used in certain contexts, "depresión" remains the widely accepted term across Spanish-speaking regions. By using the provided knowledge, you can engage in meaningful conversations about this important topic. Whether discussing mental health, seeking support, or simply expanding your vocabulary, knowing how to convey the concept of depression in Spanish is a valuable skill.

Leave a comment

Please note, comments must be approved before they are published