Learn The Most Common Words In Bulgarian

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Learn The Most Common Words In Bulgarian


Maybe you have been thinking about learning Bulgarian for a while, but didn’t know where or how to start. There are over 150,000 words you can find in the Bulgarian language that are in current use, but worry not! There’s a secret in language learning that I would share with you.

Did you know that you only need around 250 words to get by as a tourist? This is the amount of words you need for survival fluency. And did you know that you can understand about 80% of all spoken language on a daily basis by everyone who speaks the language with just the top 1000 words? And by reaching 2,500 words, you should be able to convey anything that you want to say, although you might need to be more creative with your word preferences and sentence construction.

If you know around 1000 to 3000 words, you are able to converse in almost all languages. Ask about people’s day or tell them how you are doing. The more words you learn, the more fluent you will become in a language. 4000 to 10,000 words will allow you to use more specific vocabulary to discuss professional topics, current events, opinions and other complex topics.

You can speak about almost any topic with ease if you have a vocabulary of around 10,000 words. With enough knowledge, you can also recognize unfamiliar words from context. The number of words native speakers of different languages know can vary greatly, making it difficult to estimate how many words a native English speaker might know. Estimates for the number of words a native speaker could know range from 10,000 to 65,000+. And there is a difference between an active vocabulary and a passive vocabulary. The first is the ones you can use in written and spoken language, and the second meaning the words you can recognize or deduce its meaning. With that in mind, we recommend beginning with the most common words in Bulgarian. 

MostUsedWords has frequency dictionaries available for all learners. Whether you are just starting out, or already a master of the language, you can enjoy these books. Our Bulgarian Frequency Dictionary 1 is intended for all levels of fluency: beginner, intermediate, advanced, and master. The above link is an affiliate link. Purchasing through this link may give us a little extra compensation from Amazon, at no extra cost to you.

In this article, we made a Bulgarian vocabulary list for learners that are starting out as beginners. We categorized the most common words in Bulgarian so you will have an easier time finding what you are looking for. We believe that learning the foundation of your target vocabulary is the key to language fluency.

Basic Bulgarian Words

“Здравейте” means “Hello” in English.

“Довиждане” translates to “goodbye”.

“Благодаря ти” means “thank you”.

Saying “please” translates to “Моля те” in the Bulgarian vocabulary.

The word “Да” means “yes”, while “no” is “не” in Bulgarian.

“разбира се” which means “of course”

The word “love” translates to the Bulgarian word “любов”.

Basic Bulgarian Nouns For People

“Човек” means “man”, while “жена” means “woman” in Bulgarian.

“Момче” is what you call a boy.

“момиче” is what you call a girl.

“приятел” is what you call your friend.

“човек” means “person”.

You call your family “Семейство” in the Bulgarian language.

“син” is the son in the family, while “дъщеря” is the daughter.

“Слуга” or “прислужница” is what you can call a servant or maid.

“любим” is what you can call your partner or dearest.

Basic Bulgarian Nouns For Time

“един път” means “one time” in English.

“днес” means “today” in English.

“утре” means “tomorrow” in English.

“вчера” means “yesterday” in English.

“час” means “hour” in English.

“година” means “year” in English.

“ден” means “day” in English.

“седмица” means “week” in English.

“преди” means “before” in English.

“след” means “after” in English.

“време” means “time”’ or “weather” in English.

Bulgarian Words for Weather

The word “hot” in the Bulgarian language is “горещ”

“студен” means cold

Rain means “дъжд” in Bulgarian

“Слънце” means sun, while moon is “Луна”

“сняг” means snow

And “вятър” translates to the wind

Common Bulgarian Verbs

“да бъде” means “To be”

“имам” means “To have”

“да съществува” means “To exist”

“да притежавам” means “To own”

“да направя” means “To do” or “To make”

“мога да направя” means “Can do”

“да видиш” means “To see”

“да отида” means “To go”

“да дадеш” means “To give”

“да знам” means “To know”

“да искам” means “To want”

“да обичаш” means “To love”

“да вярвам” means “To believe”

“говоря” means “To talk”

“да се носи” means “To carry”

“да намеря” means “To find”

“да хареса” means “To like”

“Да кажа” means “To tell”

“да дойде” means “To come”

“да мисля” means “To think”

“да разбера” means “To understand”

“чета” means “To read”

“да ям” means “To eat”

“да пия” means “To drink”

“да работиш” means “To work”

“да използвам” means “To use”

Common Bulgarian Greetings

“Good morning” translates to “добро утро”

“Good afternoon” translates to “добър ден”

“Good evening” translates to “добър вечер”

“Good night” translates to “лека нощ”

“How are you?” translates to “Как сте?”

What’s up? translates to “какво става?”

“How’s it going?” translates to “как върви?”

“What are you doing?” translates to “какво правиш?”

“What’s happening?” translates to “какво се случва?”

Common Bulgarian Questions

If you want to ask someone their name, you can say “как се казваш?”

If you want to ask someone what time it is, you can say “Колко е часът?”

If you want to ask someone where they are from, you can say “от къде си?”

If you want to ask someone where they live, you can say “къде живееш?”

If you want to ask someone for help, you can say “можеш ли да ми помогнеш?”

If you want to ask if you can help them with something, you can say “мога ли да ти помогна?”

If you want to ask how much is the product or service, you can say “колко струва това?”

If you want to ask if the person understands what you said, you can say “разбираш ли?”

Learn The Most Common Words In Bulgarian and Never Forget It

Learning by reading is one of the best ways to acquire knowledge, as it exposes you to how the word is pronounced and spelled. Reading through our textbook also guides you to proper usage of the term, because we provide IPA phonetic spelling.

You are likely wanting to learn a language to communicate with native speakers and have real-life conversations. It is also possible that you are learning for personal reasons, such as hobbies or work advantage. To get there, your language learning methods must be excellent and effective.

By combining the knowledge of several books, you can learn a new language. MostUsedWords aims to maximize output. This means you will be fluent in Bulgarian, while ensuring that your reading time does not consume your time doing other tasks in your weekly schedule. Our frequency dictionary makes learning as easy as possible.


Most Common Words in Bulgarian


The Bulgarian Frequency Dictionary - Essential Vocabulary is available as an ebook from our website. You can also purchase the paperback edition of this book through Amazon.

The book contains 2500 words. This frequency dictionary is an excellent material for those who study Bulgarian language by themselves or in a classroom setting, since it is convenient and handy. If you are looking for learning material, this book will surely help you improve your fluency as quickly and efficiently as you want.

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