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How To Say "Of" In Spanish

If you're learning Spanish, you may have encountered the word "of" and wondered how to express it in Spanish. "Of" is a versatile word that serves various purposes in English, including indicating possession, origin, composition, and more. In this article, we will explore different ways to say "of" in Spanish, its meanings, translations, and regional variations.

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What is "Of" in Spanish?

The word "of" in Spanish can be translated as "de" (IPA: /de/). This small but powerful preposition is used extensively in the Spanish language and carries different meanings and functions depending on the context.

Meaning of "Of" in Spanish

The word "of" in English is used to indicate possession, belonging, origin, composition, and other relationships between nouns. Similarly, "de" in Spanish is a versatile preposition that serves similar purposes. It connects nouns, indicating their relationship or providing additional information about them.

The primary meaning of "de" in Spanish is to indicate possession, origin, or material. Here are a few examples of how it can be used:

  • Possession: "El libro de Maria" means "Maria's book" in English.
  • Origin: "La casa de Mexico" means "the house from Mexico" in English.
  • Material: "Una taza de cafe" means "a cup of coffee" in English.

"De" can also be used in a number of other ways, such as to indicate time or distance, to express cause or reason, or to show a comparison. Here are some examples:

  • Time: "Las tres de la tarde" means "three in the afternoon" in English.
  • Distance: "A diez kilómetros de aquí" means "ten kilometers from here" in English.
  • Cause or Reason: "Me duele la cabeza de tanto estudiar" means "My head hurts from studying so much" in English.
  • Comparison: "Este libro es mejor que ese" means "This book is better than that one" in English.

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How to Say "Of" in Spanish: Sample Sentences

"De" is used in many ways in Spanish, and its usage can be quite versatile. Here are some examples of how it can be used in different contexts:

  • To indicate possession: El coche de Pedro. (Pedro's car.)
  • To describe materials: La camisa de algodón. (The cotton shirt.)
  • To describe origin: La comida de Mexico. (The food from Mexico.)
  • To show relationships: El hermano de Juan. (Juan's brother.)
  • To indicate time: La clase de español es a las dos. (The Spanish class is at two.)
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Tips for Using "Of" in Spanish

Now that you know how to say "of" in Spanish, here are a few tips to keep in mind:

  • Pay attention to the gender and number agreement between the nouns connected by "de."
  • Use "de" to indicate possession, origin, material, and other relationships between nouns.
  • Practice using "de" in different contexts to become familiar with its usage and pronunciation.


Understanding how to express "of" in Spanish is fundamental for building sentences and communicating effectively in the language. Whether you use "de," "del," or "d'," these prepositions allow you to express possession, origin, and other relationships between nouns. Practice using these phrases in context, and you will become more proficient in conveying the meaning of "of" in Spanish. Enjoy the richness and versatility of the Spanish language!

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